Pakistan own the 7th largest standing army in the world and also only with a Muslim nation to possess nuclear weapons. It is designated as a major non-NATO ally of the United States. It is a founding member of the Organization of the Islamic Conference and a member of the United Nations,Commonwealth of Nations, Next Eleven economies, and the G20 developing nations.
Fact & Figures:
Pakistan is result of the partition of British India in 1947 including the present countries of Islamic Republic of Pakistan and Bangladesh.
Pakistan grew on the world’s map as an independent state in 14th of August 1947, from movement by Muslim minority of greater India led by M. Ali Jinnah.Total land area comprises of 796,095 sq. km and its population stands at nearly 172.80 million, according to the 2008 Census. Pakistan is part of historically rich nation area, it is one of the most ancient lands known to mankind. Its cities flourished before the Babylon was even built; its people practiced different arts of living and citizenship before the celebrated ancient Greeks.
Its region traces its history back to at least 2,500 years before Christ, when a highly developed civilization flourished in the Indus Valley. Excavations at Harappa, Mohenjodaro and Kot Diji have brought to light evidence of an advanced civilization flourishing here even in most ancient times. Around 1,500 B.C. the Aryans conquered this region and slowly pushed the Hindu inhabitants further east, towards the Ganges Valley. Later, the Persians occupied the northern regions in 5th century B.C. The Greeks came in 327 B.C., under Alexander of Macedonia, and ran through the region like a meteor. In 712 A.D. the Arabs, led by Mohammed Bin Qasim, landed somewhere near what is now Karachi, and ruled the lower half of Pakistan for two hundred years. During this time Islam took root and influenced the life, culture and traditions of the inhabitants of the region.
Official Name: Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Capital City: Islamabad
Financial Capital: Karachi
Total Area: 796,096-sq. km. [Punjab 205,344; Sindh 140,914; Northwest Frontier Province 74,521; Balochistan 347,190; Federally Administered Tribal Areas 27,220 and Islamabad (Capital) 906 sq. km.]
Population: 172.80 million (2008 estimated Census)
Ethnic Groups: 95% Muslims, 5% others
Per Capita Income: US $ 460
Currency: Pak. Rupee
Languages: Urdu (National language), English (Official language)
Archaeological Sites: Mohenjodaro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehar Garh, and Takht Bahi
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