Learn About The National Bird Of Pakistan: The Chukar Partridge

By Sanam Nayab — Updated on 09/05/2023
Some of the world's most peculiar bird species (Chakor) can be found in Pakistan. Each year, millions of Chakors, mostly from Siberia, make the journey to the region's marshes and lakes in search of food and water. 

The Chukar Partridge, often known as the national bird of Pakistan, is the subject of this page, which will give background on the species as well as some interesting trivia. The query “what is the national bird of Pakistan?” is among the most often asked on the web. They’re going to learn a lot from this article.


The National Bird of Pakistan

Pakistan has adopted the Chukar Partridge as its national bird. In Pakistan, it goes by the name chakor. It’s considered to be a part of Pakistan’s national emblem. The Chukar Partridge, the national bird of Pakistan, has a lovely song. It’s a popular addition to most people’s houses. The Chakor represents undying love and ardor in Punjab, Pakistan.

The Chukar Partridge is a symbol of intense, and maybe unrequited, love in Hindu and other North Indian and Pakistan cultures. They say it spends its days gazing at the moon because it is madly in love. Due to their fierce nature during the mating season, these birds are kept as fighting birds in some regions. Therefore, the Chukar partridge should be recognized as Pakistan’s official national bird.


Even though it is against the law, Chukars are being bred specifically for hunting in some regions of Pakistan due to their rarity and hardiness. June and July are the finest times to hunt Chukars in Pakistan and Afghanistan. As a result of its varied temperature and topography, Pakistan is home to some of the world’s rarest and most unique bird species.

Millions of birds migrate to the region’s marshes and lakes, primarily from Siberia each year. These areas, together with the region’s extensive woods and mountain ranges, offer excellent opportunities for birdwatchers from all over the world to witness wild species in their natural habitat.

The government’s establishment of various conservation areas has fostered the growth of local and migratory bird populations. To go hunting during the hunting season, one must first get a hunting license or permission.

Interesting Information About Pakistan’s National Bird

The Chakor, or Alectoris chukar, is a bird native to Pakistan and Afghanistan. It is the national bird of Pakistan. It is 34 to 38 centimeters long, weighs 538 to 765 grams, lives for two to five years in the wild, and travels at a speed of 20 kilometers per hour.

A Descriptive Account of the Chukar Partridge

The average length of a Chukar is between 34 and 38 centimeters. Its tummy is buff, while its back and breasts are light brown. That black gorget stands out against its white face. It has crimson legs and rufous stripes on its flanks.

A member of the pheasant family, the chukar is found in the grasslands of Eurasia. The traditional range of this sparrow in Asia includes all of Pakistan, Kashmir, and Afghanistan, all the way to the southeast of Europe. Its western relative, the Red-legged pheasant (Alectoris rufa), shares a similar genetic makeup and is a close genetic relative (Journal of Applied Ecology).

Several nations, including Canada, the United States, Hawaii, and New Zealand, have imported and kept this in their populations. In Great Britain, it is not uncommon to see hybrids of this species with the introduced Red-legged Partridge.

How does Chukar Behave?

It’s common for chukar partridges to dine on various grains and insects. They like to live in groups of five to forty, which they call coveys. Eight to twenty eggs are laid in the nest, which is a shallow dirt scrape. If kept in captivity and allowed to go through its mating cycle, it would lay an egg every day.

As a rule, it prefers to sprint away from threats rather than take to the air, although its rounded wings allow it to glide for short distances if push comes to shove. Despite their attractive look, chakras are notoriously challenging to hunt due to their swooping, upward flight, and sudden disappearances into the vegetation.

Food for Chukar Partridges

Like many other birds, Chukars are vegetarians that subsist primarily on plant matter like leaves and insects, with a few select plant seeds like sunflowers, mustards, and dwarf pines. One of the plants that chukars enjoy eating is sagebrush, which may be found in almost every region of North America.

Construction of a Chukar Egg

the age range of 8-14, often 6-20. A spectrum from yellow to a light beige speckled with reddish brown specks. The average time for incubation, 22–24 days, is the result of the efforts of the female. A female may lay two separate clutches of eggs, with the male hatching one and the mother caring for the other.

Chukar Birds Nesting

In this courting ritual, the guy rotates around the girl while tilting his head. Each partner makes motions to simulate feeding, and the male can provide food for the female. The nest is on the ground, concealed by a shrub or protruding rock. The nest is a large cavity lined with grass, branches, and feathers.

Culture Significance

The term is onomatopoeic, and chakor has been mentioned in the ancient Sanskrit text Markandeya Purana (Book of the Dead) (c. 250-500 AD). The Chukar Partridge symbolizes intense, but often unrequited, love in Indian culture.

In Pakistani tradition, the chukar can also symbolize unrequited love. Rumor has it that it is entirely moonstruck and can’t tear its gaze away from the celestial body. In some parts of the world, particularly those that value fighting birds, these birds are kept specifically for the purpose of reproducing.


The chukar is a species of wild duck native to Eurasia. It was imported to North America in the 1930s via South Asia and has since established a thriving population there.

Western states, including California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, British Columbia, Canada, and British Columbia, United States, have all seen a rise in the chukar population in recent decades.

According to the North American Breeding Bird Survey, chukars have a population of around 10 million individuals and are not negatively impacted by hunting. Therefore, Chukars as a species are not now threatened with extinction.

Concluding Remarks

Due to its varied landscape and climate, Pakistan is home to a number of bird species that exist nowhere else on Earth. In addition to the local birds that may be seen in the jungles and mountains, the area also attracts millions of migrating birds from all over the world, most notably Siberia.

The government has set up a number of bird sanctuaries, which are crucial to the development and maintenance of local and migratory bird populations. In order to embark on a hunt during the hunting season, sportsmen need to get a hunting license or permission.

About Author

Written by
Sanam Nayab is a skilled writer with a wealth of expertise covering Pakistani news, entertainment, and updates. She has developed a reputation as a trustworthy provider of up-to-date news and analysis on the most recent happenings in Pakistan because of her incisive and captivating writing style.

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